High Blood Pressure

Internal Medicine, Physical Therapy, Pediatrics & Pulmonology located in San Antonio, TX

About half of Americans over 50 have high blood pressure today — and it also affects almost one-quarter of people aged 20-44. At San Antonio Premier Internal Medicine, with three offices in San Antonio, Texas, the patient-focused medical professionals can help you prevent and manage high blood pressure to avoid a stroke or heart attack later. Book your appointment by calling the office nearest to you or scheduling online.

What is high blood pressure?

High blood pressure, or hypertension, is a serious medical condition in which your blood pulses too forcefully against your blood vessel walls. Two numbers express your blood pressure, such as 120/80 mmHg. These numbers represent:

Systolic blood pressure

Systolic blood pressure, the first number in a blood pressure reading, is the pressure during heartbeats. 

Diastolic blood pressure

Your diastolic blood pressure, the second number, is blood pressure between heartbeats.

Both numbers are important for healthy blood pressure. When you have high blood pressure, you’re at risk of heart disease, heart attack, and stroke. 

What are the symptoms of high blood pressure?

High blood pressure doesn’t usually cause symptoms. In fact, it’s sometimes called a “silent killer” because it can cause a heart attack or stroke without any apparent symptoms beforehand. It’s important to schedule regular health checkups at San Antonio Premier Internal Medicine for monitoring and preventive care. 

What should my blood pressure reading be?

Normal blood pressure is the systolic blood pressure lower than 120 mmHg along with diastolic blood pressure lower than 80 mmHg. If you have a blood pressure reading higher than that, you have: 

Elevated blood pressure

Elevated blood pressure is consistently (over multiple office visits) between 120-129 systolic and less than 80 diastolic. 

Stage 1 hypertension

Stage 1 hypertension occurs when you consistently have readings of 130-139 systolic or 80-89 diastolic. 

Stage 2 hypertension

Stage 2 hypertension occurs with consistent blood pressure readings of 140 or higher systolic or 90 or higher diastolic. 

Blood pressure of 180/120 or higher is a hypertensive crisis, which is a life-threatening emergency requiring immediate medical attention. 

What causes high blood pressure?

Many factors can contribute to high blood pressure, including:

  • High sodium diet
  • High fat diet
  • High cholesterol
  • Diabetes
  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • Carrying extra pounds on your body
  • Cigarette smoking
  • Drinking excessive alcohol 

Your blood pressure may increase as you age. You can modify all of the main factors involved in blood pressure with help from your San Antonio Premier Internal Medicine providers. 

How is high blood pressure treated?

High blood pressure treatment follows the same path as prevention: Making healthy lifestyle changes is the most dependable and effective approach. Your providers can help with weight loss, management of chronic diseases like diabetes, exercise planning, and other aspects of health management to help you return to normal blood pressure. 

You may also need medication as part of your high blood pressure treatment plan. Your San Antonio Premier Internal Medicine provider can prescribe a plan that helps you maintain a healthy blood pressure to maximize your life quality and longevity. 

Click the online scheduler or call the San Antonio Premier Internal Medicine office nearest you for help today.