Internal Medicine, Physical Therapy, Pediatrics & Pulmonology located in San Antonio, TX

If you experience increased thirst or urination, fatigue, or nerve problems, you might have diabetes. At San Antonio Premier Internal Medicine, with three locations in San Antonio, Texas, the experienced primary care physicians diagnose and help you manage diabetes to reduce the risk of debilitating medical problems. Call the office to schedule an appointment or book one online today.

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is a common chronic disease that affects over 10% of the population. It occurs when your body doesn’t efficiently regulate the amount of sugar in your bloodstream, which over time causes complications when left untreated.

If you have Type 1 diabetes, your body doesn’t produce enough insulin, a hormone that moves sugar from your bloodstream to other body tissues. Type 2 diabetes occurs when you can’t properly utilize insulin within your body. Prediabetes develops before Type 2 diabetes and causes higher-than-normal blood sugar levels. Gestational diabetes appears during pregnancy. 

What are the symptoms of diabetes?

The following symptoms are common in people with diabetes:

  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Increased hunger
  • Increased thirst
  • Frequent urination
  • Blurry vision
  • Fatigue
  • Irritability
  • Frequent infections
  • Slow-healing sores

When left untreated, diabetes can cause nerve damage, heart or kidney problems, skin conditions, eye damage, foot problems, dementia, and even depression.

What are the risk factors for diabetes?

Factors that increase your chance of developing diabetes, particularly Type 2 diabetes, include:

  • Excess body weight
  • Lack of exercise
  • Poor dietary habits
  • Older age
  • Family history of diabetes
  • High blood pressure
  • High cholesterol
  • Gestational diabetes
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) in women

Adopting healthy habits and proper weight management are the best ways to keep your risk of diabetes low.

How does my provider diagnose diabetes?

To find out if you have diabetes, your San Antonio Premier Internal Medicine provider asks about your symptoms, medical history, and lifestyle habits. They check your vital signs, complete a physical exam, and order blood tests to evaluate your blood sugar levels and develop an effective treatment.

How is diabetes treated?

Depending on the type of diabetes, your San Antonio Premier Internal Medicine specialist may recommend making lifestyle changes, taking oral medicines, or receiving insulin injections. You might need more than one type of diabetes treatment. 

San Antonio Premier Internal Medicine offers medical weight management to lessen the symptoms of Type 2 diabetes. They also provide nutrition counseling, exercise prescriptions, and medical management of high cholesterol and high blood pressure. 

Your provider monitors your blood sugar periodically to ensure it stays within a normal range. They also adjust your treatment plan, if necessary.

To get screened or treated for diabetes, call the San Antonio Premier Internal Medicine office or book your appointment online today.